Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire), or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic.Igneous rock is formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava.. of diabase Ref: AGI ii. See more. SS Mineral Exploration & Allied Geoservices. Diabase (dolerite) is a dark-colored igneous rock. Like other mafic rocks, it is relatively low in silica content. • Diabase is often used as a synonym of dolerite by american geologists, however, in europe the term is usually only applied to altered dolerites. (c) Basic igneous rocks: These are those rocks in which the Silica presence is in between 44 and 55%. It is extremely hard and tough and is commonly quarried for crushed stone, under the name of trap. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. After purchasing these rock, we store these in well-equipped warehouse. The bottom salt-and-pepper colored portion is a polished surface displaying the plagioclase (white) and pyroxene (black) minerals that make up this specimen of an intrusive igneous rock. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition.... Dolerite - definition of dolerite … Dolerite, also called diabase, is a dark igneous rock intermediate in grain size between basalt and gabbro. As nouns the difference between basalt and dolerite is that basalt is (mineral) a hard mafic igneous rock of varied mineral content; volcanic in origin, it makes up much of the earth's oceanic crust while dolerite is (geology) a fine-grained basaltic rock. 137; Behind Besa Power House, Shri Mahalaxmi Nagar Mahalaxmi Nagar Nagpur - 440034, Maharashtra, India, No. As limited at the present time, dolerite includes the coarser-grained varieties of basalt, in which the component minerals can be detected by the naked eye. It is a mafic rock, containing magnesium and iron, often in form of olivine. [1] [2] Diabase dikes and sills are typically shallow intrusive bodies and often exhibit fine grained to aphanitic chilled margins which may contain tachylite (dark mafic glass). Example: Basalt, Dolerite, and Gabbro. Diabase is a common rock type. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Dolerite is a synonym of diabase. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Example: Syenite, Trachyte. Diabase is also called dolerite in many references outside North America. Diabase is widespread and occurs in dikes (tabular bodies inserted in … Dolerite is a medium-grained (hypabyssal) basalt and forms in shallow intrusions, such as dykes, which cut across the rock strata, and sills, which push between beds of sedimentary rock. it′ic adj. It cools pretty quickly when magma moves into the fractures and weak zones below a volcano. Dolerite is a dark, igneous rock. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Being intruded into country rocks at shallow levels, the magma has more time to cool than if extruded. Texture: Occasionally ophitic texture can be distinguished in hand specimen. Diabase, also called Dolerite, fine- to medium-grained, dark gray to black intrusive igneous rock. Dolerite Categories: Ceramic. We are one of the illustrious traders are suppliers of Dolerite Igneous Rock. Registered office: 66 Gas Street, Bolton, United Kingdom, BL1 4TQ Company Registration No: 4969405 VAT Registration No: 572-3610-510 Tel: +44 (0) 1204 388754. Dolerite definition, a coarse-grained variety of basalt. As geologist Nick Norman explains in his 2013 book Geology Off the Beaten Track: “… tensional cracks heralding the break-up of Gondwana permitted the ascent of pressurised basaltic magma from great depths. Download this stock image: Dolerite. It occurs mostly in shallow intrusions (dikes and sills) of basaltic composition. Komatiite is a very rare and old extrusive igneous rock. An extrusive igneous rocks definition states these rocks form when magma "exits and cools above (or very near) the Earth's surface." Diabase is a synonym of dolerite. Igneous rocks are those that form via the process of melting and cooling. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Dolerite is a dark igneous rock. Consisting of plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene, it is a widespread intrusive rock, quarried for crushed and monumental stone (known as "black granite"). Dolerite is a very strong, heavy rock that makes an excellent road stone. 2. any dark igneous rock whose composition cannot be determined with the naked eye. These often form above a convergent plate boundary where an … Fine-grained and lower porosity igneous rocks, such as basalt and diabase (dolerite) are generally higher in rock hardness than that of coarser grained igneous rocks, such as granite, diorite, and gabbro. 1:50,000 Geological Maps (England & Wales), Yorkshire Geological Society Field Guides. As nouns the difference between diabase and dolerite is that diabase is (geology) a fine-grained igneous rock composed mostly of pyroxene and feldspar while dolerite is (geology) a fine-grained basaltic rock. SS Mineral Exploration & Allied Geoservices an organization, one of its kind in Central India since 2007 as a Specialized team of highly dedicated and Qualified expert Geologists, who could deliver the highest levels of mining & geological informations,solution to its clients across the country and abroad. For instance, there are number of estimated educational institution with millions of students studding earth Science as their academic part, many of there are not acuminated with natural wealth in country.To fill this existing information gaps SS Minerals, Metals & Rocks made its first attempt by coming up with the concept of physical Sample models of rocks, Minerals & Metals to the concern industries as well as educational institution as per their requirements. Dolerite is an igneous rock formed below the Earth's surface, a form of basalt, containing relatively little silica (mafic in composition). (ˈdɒləˌraɪt ) noun. Dolerite Egg Rock (GC58RRP) was created by iPajero on 7/13/2014. These rock are procured from a known vendor base that use quality raw material and latest formulation process to fabricate these rock. A dark, medium-grained igneous rock, typically with ophitic texture, containing plagioclase, pyroxene, and olivine. • Dolerite is typically found as a hypabyssal igneous rock, typically within dykes. 1 mm (extrusive). It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Dolerite is an intrusive igneous rock, cooled beneath the ground, more slowly than the basalt found in lava flows. In the United States, a syn. Indian mining industry has witnessed a robust growth and it has added the knowledge requirements about rocks, Minerals & Metals to the entrepreneurs as well as School, College going students. Grain size: Medium. It is a medium grained igneous rock, and can be dark grey or black with greenish shades in colour. Dolerite is the medium grained, intrusive, equivalent of a basalt (link to basalts). Copyright © 1996-2021 IndiaMART InterMESH Ltd. All rights reserved. (b) Intermediate igneous rocks: These are those rocks in which the Silica presence is in between 55 and 66%. It's a Other size geocache, with difficulty of 2, terrain of 2.5. Dolerite Igneous Rock, आग्नेय पत्थर in Mahalaxmi Nagar, Nagpur , SS Mineral Exploration & Allied Geoservices | ID: 4158819448. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. the break-up of Gondwanaland. It usually occurs as dykes, plugs or sills. Examples of extrusive igneous rocks include basalt, andesite, rhyolite, dacite, obsidian, pumice and scoria. Igneous Rocks - Diabase (Dolerite) Colour: When fresh it is black, dark-grey or green; may be mottled black and white. Some geologists … Diabase: A hand specimen of diabase approximately ten centimeters across. n dolerite A name given by Haüy to a rock of the basalt family, called by some a basaltic greenstone, the deception implied in the name referring to the difficulty of distinguishing the rock from other varieties also designated as greenstone. © 2021 Geology Superstore. Dolerite sills and dykes are intrusions of igneous rock formed by molten magma from the earth’s mantle that forced its way to the surface through cracks in the rock layers. Vendors: It is formed under basaltic volcanoes, like those at mid-ocean ridges. Dolerite and the synonym diabase are not root names but usually defined as medium grained mafic intrusive rocks. Dolerite (or, in the USA especially, diabase) is the name given to basic igneous rocks found in small intrusions that are intermediate in grain size between… Peridotite Much of the Earth's mantle is made of peridotite like this, though it is less common to find such rocks at the Earth's surface. When metamorphosed, the heating and compression changed the original minerals to hornblende… Schist, folded 4. Basalt (extrusive rock) and granite (intrusive rock) are two of the most common igneous rock types on the Earth, and cover most of the igneous deposits on the planet.Usually, the rocks in deep ocean floors are known to be basaltic in nature, while the rocks in the continental mass are granitic in nature. May be porphyritic. We also pack these products with durable material for a safe delivery to our customers. It is compositionally equivalent to gabbro and basalt but texturally between them. Dykes may also contain basalt instead of dolerite. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. If the intrusive rock cooled underground but near the surface, it is called subvolcanic or hypabyssal, and often has visible, but tiny mineral grains. No. All Rights Reserved. Collins English Dictionary. Extrusive rocks are rocks that have formed on the surface of the earth. Actual property values will vary from sample to sample. As a result, the mineral grains of fine-grained igneous rocks are more tightly held together than that of coarse-grained igneous rocks. Up through the thick cake of Karoo sediments it came – long after the Ecca shale through which it cuts had been deposited – to flow over the surface as sheet after sheet of lava; where it didn’t make it to the surface, it squeezed be… All associated with the mining industries ,Minerals trades ,Educational institutions and school going Students will find our sample models informative, Useful and worth pressing for ready reference. IndiaMART > Granite, Marble, Sandstone & Others > … Cracks form when there is tension in the earth’s surface, e.g. Diabase or dolerite or microgabbro is a mafic, holocrystalline, subvolcanic rock equivalent to volcanic basalt or plutonic gabbro. It usually occurs as large intrusions, dikes, and sills within continental crust. i. Igneous rock sample - BY2D50 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Rock specimens come from Clee Hill in Shropshire and are available in various optional sizes. Diorite is the name used for a group of coarse-grained igneous rocks with a composition between that of granite and basalt. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Diabase dikes and sills are typically shallow intrusive bodies and often exhibit fine grained to aphanitic chilled margins which may contain tachylite(dark mafic glass). 1. a dark basic intrusive igneous rock consisting of plagioclase feldspar and a pyroxene, such as augite; often emplaced in dykes. dolerite in British English. It can include microgabbro, basalt, andesite, microdiorite and other rock types. Igneous rock is formed when magma, which is liquid molten rock, cools or sets, solidifying into rock and rock formations. 137; Behind Besa Power House, Shri Mahalaxmi Nagar. It can also be injected into the crust in sheet-like structures called dykes (vertical) or sills (parallel to bedding). Encouraged by the continuous inquiries from different sources, we have made since efforts to include all possible information about the Rocks, Minerals,& Metals sample models. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. dolerite (diabase, microgabbro) A dark-coloured, medium-grained igneous rock which contains plagioclase feldspar of labradorite composition and pyroxene of augite or titanaugite composition as essential minerals, and magnetite, titano-magnetite, or ilmenite as accessory minerals. Although not popular, it makes an excellent monumental stone and is one of the dark-coloured rocks commercially known as black granite. Material Notes: Igneous rock, with a grain size . We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. It typically occurs in dykes and sills. Diabase is the preferred name in North America, while dolerite is the preferred name in the rest of English-speaking world, where sometimes the name diabase is applied to altered dolerites and basalts. This occurs when magma bursts forth from the mantle or crust on to the surface. Structure: Vesicles and amygdales occur. Web Design by LVMedia Web Design Geology Superstore and geologysuperstore.com are trading names ofNorthern Geological Supplies Ltd. Olivine dolerite is a fine grained intrusive igneous rock similar to basalt, these particular rock specimens also contain peridot crystals, hence the name olivine dolerite. This rock was originally a basic igneous rock (basalt or dolerite). These cookies do not store any personal information. It is a basic rock, with a total silica content of 45-55%.Property values are typical of naturally occurring Dolerite. If they erupt from volcanoes onto the surface as lava, they are called extrusive rocks.By contrast, Intrusive rocks are formed from magma that cools underground. Tightly held together than that of coarse-grained igneous rocks some geologists … diabase ( dolerite ) is a dark rock. 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